With 18 soldiers dying in a pre-dawn terrorist attack in North Kashmirs Uri area on September 18, the armys combat death toll in Jammu and Kashmir is 64 this year (until September 18), the highest since 2010, when 69 soldiers died, according to the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP).
In contrast, civilian casualties along the Line of Control (LoC) — the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir — in 2016 were the lowest in three decades, SATP data reveal. About 800 civilians died every year, on average, between 1990 and 2007.
Over the last three decades, the 20-year period between 1990 and 2010 was the most violent, while the period after 2011 relatively more peaceful, according to the SATP data.
The year 2012, when 16 civilians and 17 soldiers died, was the most peaceful. After that, the death toll rose.
A series of infiltration attempts along the LoC were stopped this year, which has seen a “marked increase” over the previous three years, according to an army statement.
As many as 31 terrorists were killed along the LoC this year in the course of 17 infiltration attempts stopped by the army, the statement said.
Ceasefire violations along the LoC and the international border — which runs south of the LoC beyond Jammu and Kashmir — peaked in 2014 and 2015, IndiaSpend reported in August 2015 and April 2016.
Indians — while content with India’s foreign policy with regard to US, Russia and China — are unhappy with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s policy on Pakistan, according to a 2016 research released on September 19, by Pew Global Research, a US-based global research organisation.
With regard to security and road infrastructure along the international border in Jammu and Kashmir, 97 per cent of a floodlit fence and 63 per cent of planned roads have been completed, according to an August 2016 Rajya Sabha reply.
(In arrangement with IndiaSpend.org, a data-driven, non-profit, public interest journalism platform, with whom Abhishek Waghmare is an analyst. The views expressed are those of IndiaSpend. Feedback at email@example.com)