New Delhi, July 21 (IANS) The CAG on Friday said it found gaps in financial management, compliance, monitoring and evaluation of Right To Education (RTE) Act 2009.
Also, teachers were deployed for non-educational purposes in nine states in violation of the Act, said a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) on ‘Implementation of The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009’.
The report, which was tabled in Parliament on Friday, said: “There were lacunae in the financial management of the Act like mismatch of unspent balances at the end of the year with opening balances of succeeding years during 2010-16, short release of funds, retention of huge balances by state governments, and non-adherence to expenditure norms.”
The report said that retention of huge balances by the state governments, year after year at the close of each financial year, was indicative of poor internal control.
“Unutilised grants at the close of each year ranged between Rs 12,259.46 crore to Rs 17,281.66 crore in 35 states/Union Territories.”
“Huge outstanding advances by the State Implementing Societies amounting to Rs 10,984.85 crore, Rs 15,053.63 crore and Rs 4474.79 crore were pending adjustment at the end of 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16, respectively,” the CAG report said.
The report also raised questions in the effective compliance of the RTE Act.
It said teachers were deployed for non-educational purposes in nine states and cases of irregular procurement of text books, uniform, computers were also noticed in 12 states/UTs.
“In addition to Census and election duties, in Andhra Pradesh, 37 teachers were posted as PAs to public representatives and 28 teachers on other deputations not related to teaching. In Assam, 1,559 elementary teachers were engaged in field verification for updation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) during 2014-15.”
In Punjab, 1,609 teachers were deployed as District Resource Persons (DRP) and Block Resource Persons (BRP) and 268 teachers in Uttarakhand were deployed on arrangement basis as Cluster Resource Coordinators (CRCs), the report said.
Also, benefits such as transport, aids and appliances etc, as envisaged under the Act, were not provided to all the eligible Children with Special Needs in five states, the report said.
“Children above the age of 14 years were retained in elementary classes in 15 states in violation of the Act which says no child should be held back in any class or expelled from the school till the completion of elementary education,” the report said.
The CAG also pointed out that regular household surveys by local authorities were not conducted in 21 states/UTs to maintain or update record of children from their birth till they attain age of 14 years.
The Act calls for free and compulsory education for children between six and 14 years of age, among other things.