A new research study by United Way Greater Toronto shows that while the average incomes of racialized people in the Toronto region have stagnated or dropped over the past 35 years, incomes of non-racialized residents have soared dramatically.
The earnings gap was barely noticeable in 1980. But by 2015, for every dollar earned by non-racialized Torontonians, racialized residents made an average of just 52.1 cents, says the agency in a report being released Monday.
One’s skin colour and postal code can make a great difference in one’s economic outcome.
The report, based on micro-data from the latest census, reinforces other Canadian research, the agency says. But it shows for the first time how income inequality impacts racialized people in the Toronto region to a much greater degree than in the rest of the country. And the findings are the same regardless of whether they are newcomers, long-time immigrants or Canadian-born.
The United Way uses Statistics Canada’s definition of “visible minority” to describe racialized people, who in many neighbourhoods in the Toronto area make up the majority of residents. They include people who describe themselves in the census as South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean or Japanese. -CINEWS