Over the past decades, First Nations communities in Canada have gained more powers and responsibilities from the federal government, alongside increased public scrutiny and speculation about whether the administration are being administered fairly. Despite questioning from both members of indigenous communities and the general public, there have been surprisingly few studies published about the effectiveness of efforts to address financial transparency. In this paper, the authors investigate the correlation between accountability and transparency by First Nation governments and the public’s opinion towards Aboriginal peoples and governments.
To complete their study, in addition to utilizing data collected from an online survey experiment, Alcantara and Roy provide background information and their own expectations before they describe their research design, methods and data. After an analysis of their research, the authors find that public opinion is generally unaffected by different levels of financial disclosure, and they discuss how their results might inform policy debate about accountability and transparency on Canadian reserves.
Christopher Alcantara is an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Western University. His specialties include intergovernmental cooperation, especially between Indigenous communities and other levels of government. In addition to writing books and articles, his research has won and been nominated for numerous awards, including the Donald Smiley Prize in 2014, the Donner Prize in 2011, the 2014 International Council for Canadian Studies Pierre Savard Award for the best book in Canadian Studies, and the J.E. HodgettsAward for best article in the journal, Canadian Public Administration, among others.
Jason Roy is an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Wilfrid Laurier University. His research focuses on Canadian politics, political participation and behaviour, electoral politics, and public opinion. – CNW