Three-wheeled vehicles (TWVs) start rolling on Ontario roads

TWVs1A new class of vehicle is hitting Ontario roads and drivers need to make themselves aware of the rules and regulations regarding these vehicles.

Three-wheeled vehicles (TWVs) are a distinct class of motor vehicle, separate from passenger vehicles, motor tricycles and motorcycles. Under the Ontario Ministry of Transportation ten-year pilot project, TWVs will be registered as motorcycles; however, the driver will be required to have a full ‘G’ class license or higher to operate the vehicle. Drivers with an ‘M’ class license alone are prohibited from operating a TWV under the pilot project.

Staff Sergeant David Mitchell is seen here speaking about these vehicles.

Some of the other legislation regarding these vehicles includes:

  • Only federally-approved TWVs designed for on-road use are permitted to participate in the pilot. Current approved models include: Polaris Slingshot and Campagna Motors T-Rex 8
  • Current HTA rules of the road and penalties apply to the driver/vehicle owner
  • Participants in the pilot project are subject to Ontario’s mandatory seatbelt requirements and must use an approved motorcycle safety helmet
  • Passengers who are classified as an infant, toddler or pre-school to primary grade child are not permitted to ride in a TWV
  • TWVs are prohibited from being used for an MTO road test
  • Sidecars or trailers are not permitted to be affixed to a TWV

Penalties for contravening the conditions of the pilot project can be charged under Highway Traffic Act s.228 (8), which states that every person who contravenes a pilot regulation is liable to a fine of not less than $250 and not more than $2,500, upon conviction. – CINEWS

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