Leaders and senior officials from across the Commonwealth have voiced their robust support for a non-binding charter on climate change, biodiversity and land degradation, that would boost coordinated action in these areas among the 54 countries of the Commonwealth.
The document, known as the ‘Living Lands Charter’, is slated for discussion and possible adoption at this week’s Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Kigali.
During a high-level breakfast event held on Wednesday in the margins of the Kigali gathering, Commonwealth Secretary-General Patricia Scotland set the context for discussions, stating: “Tens of millions of the 2.5 billion people who call the Commonwealth home — 60 per cent of whom are under age 30 — are already in the cross hairs of climate change.
“They know that without our action, the force and frequency of violent weather, fire, shortages of food and water and the threat of rising seas will continue to intensify until it overwhelms them.
“It is our duty to put their voices, their experiences, at the heart of what we do — and turn it into action.”
She said the proposed charter was conceived following the 2019 InterGovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Climate Change and Land.
It aims to support member countries to effectively deliver their commitments under the three Rio conventions — the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The meeting featured statements from the Prime Ministers of Saint Lucia, Tonga, Mauritius and Fiji, who all welcomed the work led by the Commonwealth Secretariat over the past two years to consult with countries and regions in shaping the agreement.
The event also included statements from ministers from Botswana, Guyana, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda and Zambia, along with leaders of international partner agencies such as the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), Green Climate Fund and International Solar Alliance (ISA).
The Living Lands Charter, if agreed at CHOGM, will be implemented through multiple mechanisms and processes, including the Commonwealth Climate Finance Access Hub.
The hub is headquartered in Mauritius and coordinates a network of highly skilled national and regional climate finance experts embedded in relevant government ministries to help them secure funding for climate action.
This is achieved by developing projects and submitting proposals to international funds for support, as well as providing human and institutional capacity building, and assisting in the development of climate action policies.
At the event, the government of Australia announced a fresh contribution of AUD$2 million to support the Commonwealth Climate Finance Access Hub.
Underlining the new government’s commitment to being a more constructive and ambitious partner to combat climate change, Australian Minister for International Development and the Pacific, Pat Conroy, said: “Australia has heard the call and is increasing our development assistance to address climate change adaptation and resilience particularly in the Pacific.
“We have also committed an additional AUD 2 million for the Commonwealth Climate Finance Access Hub, to help countries access finance.”
Under the Call to Action on Living Lands, the hub will unlock vital financial and capacity building support for projects linked to themes such as climate smart agriculture, soil and water conservation, green cover and biodiversity, livestock rearing, engaging indigenous people and climate resilient development.