A lax police response to emergency calls on the night of the Seoul Halloween stampede came under growing scrutiny and criticism on Wednesday following revelations that police snubbed a series of emergency calls about overcrowding in the neighbourhood hours before the disaster.
On Tuesday, the National Police Agency had released documents chronicling reports as the country delved into what went wrong and who is responsible for the deadly crush amid criticism that the accident could have been avoided or minimised if police had responded in a timely manner, reports Yonhap News Agency.
The tragedy occurred on October 29 when a massive crowd of Halloween partygoers packed a narrow 3.2-meter-wide alley in Seoul’s entertainment district of Itaewon.
Some of them began to fall over, causing others to fall down like “dominoes” and pile up on top of one another, leaving at least 156, mostly people in their 20s, dead.
According to the documents and transcripts of the calls, police had received a total of 11 reports in the four hours before the accident, urgently alerting them to risks of accident in the alley.
Police responded to four of them by having officers go to the site, disperse the crowd and come back, while no action was taken in response to the remaining reports.
A “Code 0” police order calling for the promptest possible response had been issued for one of the 11 reports while the second-highest “Code 1” had been applied to seven others, but police officers failed to take appropriate action.
According to the police documents, the first report was filed at 6.34 p.m. on October 29 from a person at the alley, alerting that a massive crowd packed the path and crowd control was urgently needed.
“I feel like I would be almost crushed to death here because people continued to come up even though no more can go down,” the person said, adding: “I barely escaped, but police need to control the area because the crowd is too big.”
The person also called the situation “freaky”, repeatedly urging police for crowd control.
Police officers were subsequently sent to the scene but closed the case without tangible action.
The second report came about one and a half hours later from a person at the nearby Itaewon Station, saying: “There are people who fell over and got hurt because there are too many people.”
Another group of police officers were sent to the scene only to close the case after having some people move to sidewalks.
Police then snubbed two following reports made at 8.33 p.m. and 8.53 p.m., respectively, referring those who made the reports to police officers on duty in the neighbourhood.
Between 9 p.m. and 9.10 p.m., four reports came in saying “We are on the verge of a terrible accident due to massive crowds” or “I am almost being crushed to death”.
For one of the four reports, the top-notch Code 0 order had been issued, but the only action taken was to dispatch officers and have them disperse a small crowd of people.
Following a brief lull, three reports began to flow in again starting 9.51 p.m. — 24 minutes before the accident — including a report filed in an urgent tone that said “We need crowd control, there are too many people.”
Police did not take any action on all of those reports.
Police plan to soon launch an inquiry into police officers who handled the reports with the possibility of turning it into an official criminal investigation if possible irregularities, such as negligence of official duties or forgery of official documents, were identified.
National police chief Yoon Hee-keun acknowledged shortfalls in the lax response to the crowd surge and pledged an independent, outside inspection into alleged police wrongdoing.
After receiving the transcripts, President Yoon Suk-yeol ordered the circumstances be determined “thoroughly without a trace of doubt” and that those responsible be “handled strictly in accordance with the law and principles”.